Considerations When Choosing A Well Pump

For many people living in rural areas, it's not possible to get water from a municipal source or a local company. For these homeowners, the only real option is to install a well on their property. There are many things to think about when putting in a well, such as how deep you will have to drill and how much it's going to cost. But the most important feature of any well is the pump you use. When you choose the right pump, it will provide you with many years of reliable service, while the wrong one will result in nothing but problems.

There are a range of factors that affect your pump choice, including the size of your household, the depth of your well and the dimensions of your well casing. The following will help you choose the right pump for your needs.

Step 1. If you don't know the depth of your well, find out. This information will have a big impact on your selection of a well pump. A surface pump is relatively easy to install, but will not work effectively for very deep wells. A shallow well pump is usually limited to wells no more than 20 feet deep. For wells that go down to 80 feet, you can use deep well pumps. Keep in mind that any surface mounted pump is going to decrease in efficiency the closer you get to its maximum rated depth of operation.

Step 2. Any well that is deeper than 80 feet is going to require a submersible pump. Measure the size of your well casing. You will only be able to use a submersible pump if the casing is at least 4 inches in diameter.

Step 3. Base your selection of the size (size refers to the horsepower) of your new pump on how much water you and your family actually need. You'll want to select a pump that could meet the maximum amount (peak demand) of your household. The average home with two baths has a peak demand of roughly 14 gallons per minute. Choose a unit that has a rated capacity that at least equals your expected peak demand.

Note: In order to protect your well pump and lengthen its working lifespan, make sure that you select a pressure tank with sufficient capacity. Otherwise, your well pump will constantly be cycling on and off, resulting in unnecessary wear and tear.

If you want to know more, or have other questions, contact a company like Mike's Pump and Well Service LLC.